Autistic Girls' Use of Language May Mask Social Difficultiesjanuary libra horoscope 2022

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Autistic Girls Use of Language May Mask Social Difficulties【january libra horoscope 2022】:THE BASICS

Autistic Girls' Use of Language May Mask Social Difficultiesjanuary libra horoscope 2022

Autistic Girls' Use of Language May Mask Social Difficultiesjanuary libra horoscope 2022THE BASICS What Is Autism? Find a therapist to help with autism Key points Recent research shows that autistic girls tend to use more "social words" than autistic boys, particularly when talking about friends. Autistic girls may use more social language despite experiencing social impairment. Greater awareness of girls' use of social language could help parents, teachers, and clinicians better diagnose and treat autism in girls.

In recent years, there has been increasing awareness that autistic girls tend to present differently than autistic boys. This often leads to the underdiagnosis (or delayed diagnosis) of girls with autism.1 Gender differences include an increased desire on the part of women and girls with autism to connect with others socially, as well as a greater attempt to camouflage—or “mask”—their autism; girls and women with autism may also present with different intense interests than boys and men.

One recent study on autism’s gender differences,2 published in the journal Molecular Autism, focused on the language that autistic girls and boys used during semi-structured interviews by exploring social word use. When comparing autistic girls and boys between the ages of 6 and 15 with similar IQs and levels of autism, girls were shown to use far more social words—that is, words that make reference to other people, including family and friends—than their male counterparts. In particular, girls used significantly more words to talk about friends than boys did. Discussion about family was relatively consistent in both groups.

What This Means for Girls with Autism

People may feel that frequently talking about one’s friends doesn’t “fit” with their expectations of autism. Thus, greater awareness of the fact that girls with autism tend to talk about friends more than boys do may be important in ensuring that girls are referred for diagnosis.

Source: Trung Thanh, Unsplash

Another interesting finding from this study was an observed link between the use of social words and overall social impairment—that is, children who used fewer social words were, on average, more socially impaired. However, when just the girls were examined, this link disappeared.

While the authors note the small sample size and are cautious about drawing too many conclusions from this finding, it does suggest that girls may present very differently during the diagnostic process, especially when it comes to their use of language. Girls who use a higher proportion of social words may still struggle with significant social impairment. Yet because of their overall verbal fluency, they may still be slipping through the diagnostic net.

Well-trained clinicians may still be able to diagnose autism, despite these complexities. As the authors write, “It is important to note that the expert clinicians in our study detected social communication challenges in autistic girls despite elevated levels of social talk, suggesting recognition that using social words is not the same as demonstrating social skills or possessing social understanding.”

But when it comes to parents, teachers, and others who interact with autistic girls, this research highlights how easily symptoms may be missed. The type of language that girls use around their social experience may be covering up the difficulties they are facing.

Girls tend to make greater efforts to mask their symptoms, and many girls and women describe learning from other girls what to talk about and how to say it. Girls, in general, also tend to be more socially driven than boys to make and maintain friendships; this drive may be partly responsible for autistic girls’ greater use of social words.

This illuminating study further underscores not only that the clinical diagnostic process needs to be more aware of the differences between boys and girls; it also suggests that a greater awareness of girls’ use of social language is needed among parents, teachers, and other professionals involved in the care and education of school-age girls.

THE BASICS What Is Autism? Find a therapist to help with autism

References

1. Loomes R, Hull L, Mandy WPL. what is the male-to-female ratio in autism spectrum disorder? A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2017;56:466–74.

2. Cola, M., Yankowitz, L.D., Tena, K. et al. Friend matters: sex differences in social language during autism diagnostic interviews. Molecular Autism 13, 5 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13229-021-00483-1

More references

january libra horoscope 2022Autistic Girls' Use of Language May Mask Social Difficulties

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